The Birthday of Bogota takes place every year on 6 august and celebrates the unofficial birthday of the city as well. On the 6th of august Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada took part of the territory of the Muiscas, in the name of the Spanish Crown. The Festival celebrates the diversity of the city, with music and dance in several places of the city . A colorful defile takes place on 7th avenue and there is a summer-festival in the Parque de Simon Bolivar.
For the Muiscas the Tequendama waterfall was a very important place. Archeological finds give evidence that Muiscas communities settled here since a long time. Legend tells that Bochicha the good god that learned the Muiscas cultivate land, weave, make pottery, was called to help the Muiscas that suffered from a big flood that destroyed the Muisca lands. This was caused by the God Chibchacum, the protector of farmers. Bochica, who was a god figure with a large beard and golden scepter appeared on a rainbow. With the scepter he hit the rocks that freed the water from a lake that was already covering the savanna that streamed away though the opening Bochica created in this way creating the Tequendama falls. Bochica punished Chibchacum by ordering him to carry the earth on his shoulder every-time he gets tired the earth shakes. The Tequendama falls has since the nineteenth century attracted many travellers
The night of the small candles is the night before the Day of the Immaculate Conception and is one of the most traditional religious celebrations in Bogota. As a visitot you will not miss the many candles that the people put on the street. The day of the little candles is celebrated on the afternoon & eve before and starts with a firework-show from the top of the building of Colpatria that is one of the highest buildings of the city. On the night before the Immaculate Conception candles are lit and it is also custom to hoist a white flag and hang up lanterns around the windows and entrances of the houses. There are different cultural events in museums and there have extended opening hours and special activities, if you are in town be prepared for a special evening or be surprised. It is celebrated since 1854 when
London has portobellomarket, New York has the Hells Kitchen Fleamarket, Amsterdam the Waterloplein market& Antwerp the Vogeltjesmarkt (Birdsmarket) while Madrid has the El Rastro. Bogota every Sunday has two big fleamarkets: Mercado de las Pulgas San Alejo next to Independence Park at the Carrera 7 (La Septima) and the other is the Mercado de Las Pulgas in Usaquen, in the nothern part of the city. The fleamarket of the San Alejo is the oldest one of Bogota and started almost 30 years ago in the Candelaria on the small square of the Chorro de Quevedo. Now the market has grown to 330 stands where furniture, antiques, LP’s , artwork , and other old and used objects from Bogota are being sold such as telephones, photographs and travelcases. Also handicraft is being sold, like linnen, stonework and products from the country side. The fleamarket of Usaquen exists more than 20 years
Paloquemao market is a lively farmersmarket near to the old centre of Bogota. The market gives the sense of being outside the modern city of Bogota: in a less organized popular market with the smell and images of fruit, vegetables, fish, flowers and handicrafts, like being in a popular neighborhood or in a village town on market day. This is one of the 21 markets to where farmers from towns around of Bogota come with their products. The first market used to be on the plaza bolivar on friday until 1863 when it was prohibited because of hygienic concerns. The life of the market hides the market building. The market hall was constructed in 1967 and designed by Dicken Castro y Jacques Mosseri in a shape that can be described as an quarter of a circle, in which with diagonals different sectoral functions were separated. Only 70% of the original plan was developed. In 2013
The Gold Museum (Museo del Oro) just outside the old centre of Bogota is a place you should not skip when walking thorough town. Gold for many civilizations is a precious metal and used in different ways. The pre hispanic societies in Colombia had highly sophisticated works of gold & silver smithing that was offered to the gods. When the Spanish conquerers arrived gold was needed to sustain the empire. Not many people know it but El Dorado was a myth with its origins in Colombia, more exactly it is said that its origins are in the Lake of sophisticated not far from Bogota. The lake was attempted to be drained the early days of the Spanish conquest to reach the gold object thought to be at the bottom of it. Still this myth is alive and people think that there might be pre hispanic treasures of the bottom of